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Caring for kids in Aboriginal families

Know your rights – use your rights

Are you an Aboriginal grandparent, aunty, uncle, cousin or other relative who:

  • Is caring for young kids?
  • Is worried about the safety or welfare of a child?
  • Has been stopped from seeing the kids?

We can help you understand the law and know your legal rights when it comes to caring for kids.

What laws deal with caring for kids?

There are two main areas of law dealing with caring for kids. These are:

  • family law
  • care and protection law

What is family law?

Family law deals with marriage, divorce and relationships splitting up including what happens to property and what happens to the children.

Family law can also be used to have kids in your family live with or spend time with you.

What is care and protection law?

Care and protection law aims to keep kids safe from neglect and abuse, including sexual abuse. It is the main law used by Family and Community Services to remove kids they think are in neglectful or abusive homes.

How do I get legal aid?

If you need ongoing legal help from a lawyer, you need to fill in a form for a ‘grant of legal aid’. The form will ask you about your personal and financial situation. Legal Aid NSW will look at how strong your case is and let you know if a lawyer will represent you. You can get the application form from Legal Aid NSW offices, on our website, or from duty lawyers at local courts. Our staff can help you fill out the form. It is best to talk to one of our lawyers before you apply for legal aid. You may able to get help with your legal problem without needing to go to court.

What if I’m being stopped from seeing the kids in my family?

If your family is blewin’ and you are stopped or you are having concerns about seeing the kids in your family, you can use family law to change things. You need to try and sort the problem out by yarning with the family or using a trained mediator to help solve agreements. This is called family dispute resolution.

If yarning or mediation works you can have:

  • a verbal agreement; or
  • a written agreement signed by everyone (this is called a parenting plan); or
  • court orders by agreement (if your agreement is lodged with the Court).

Go here for more information: www.legalaid.nsw.gov.au/fdr

Can’t sort it out? Talk to a lawyer

If mediation doesn’t work, talk to a lawyer about what to do next. For example, you can discuss going to court.

If you go to court, there will be another chance to try to sort it out. If you still can’t agree, a judge will decide what would be in the children’s best interests.

What if I’ve been looking after the kids and now the parents want them back?

If you believe the kids are safer with you, you can use family law. A lawyer can tell you how to do this. Under family law you can ask the court for an order that the kids stay with you.

If there is already an order that the kids live with you the parent(s) must go back to court to get the order changed.

Worried about the kids' safety or welfare where they are living?

If kids in your family are living somewhere where you feel they are unsafe you should contact a lawyer to see what your choices are under the law.

If you don’t want FACS involved use family law to try and have the kids live with you. Get advice from a lawyer to find out how to do this. If you think it is possible that the children are at risk of immediate harm you may want to make a confidential call to FACS on their 24 hour helpline on 132 111. This comes under care and protection law.

If the situation is urgent, FACS can take the children to a safe place straight away. If FACS thinks they shouldn’t go back home, it will ask the Children’s Court to decide where the children should live, and while that is being decided, FACS will try to place the children with family or in an Aboriginal foster placement.

What can I do if FACS is already involved?

If FACS is already involved and the case is before the Children’s Court you can ask to be heard in court by becoming “a party” to the court case. If the court agrees you can tell the court where you think the kids will be safe to live.

What can I do to have contact with kids under care and protection law?

If the kids in your family have been removed by FACS and you are not happy with contact, you can ask to have a contact mediation through the Family Dispute Resolution Service at Legal Aid NSW.

Can I get financial help if I’m looking after the kids?

If you are looking after kids you may be able to get some financial help. This will depend on your own individual situation.

You can find out about government payments by visiting a Family Assistance Office in any Medicare or Centrelink office or by calling 13 61 50.

You may be able to get child support from the parents. This is complicated so get more information by calling the Department of Human Services Child Support on 13 12 72 or go to www.humanservices.gov.au/customer/dhs/ child-support

You can also call the Centrelink Indigenous Call Centre on 1800 136 380.

Our specialist lawyers at Legal Aid NSW can also answer child support questions. Call 02 9633 9916 or 1800 451 784.

Where to get legal and other help

There are a number of places where you can go to get legal help and advice:

  • Legal Aid NSW has specialist family and care and protection lawyers and trained Aboriginal mediators who can help. Call the Family Dispute Resolution Service on 02 9219 5118 or any one of our offices for more information or to make an appointment. To find your closest office visit www.legalaid.nsw.gov.au or call LawAccess on 1300 888 529.

Can’t get to a Legal Aid NSW office?

If you live in the country and there is no Legal Aid NSW office near you, you can call LawAccess NSW on 1300 888 529, talk to a Registrar at your local court or see a private lawyer who does legal aid work.

The Aboriginal Legal Service NSW/ACT

(ALS) gives free legal advice and provides legal representation in criminal and children’s care and protection matters. Call the ALS on 1800 765 767 or visit them on their website at www.alsnswact.nsw.gov.au


The Indigenous Women’s Legal Contact Line

is a free telephone service run by Aboriginal women who give free legal advice to Aboriginal women. Call 1800 639 784.


Wirringa Baiya Aboriginal Women’s Centre is a NSW service which gives free legal advice and referrals to Aboriginal women and young people. Call 1800 686 587 or 02 9569 3847.


Women’s Domestic Violence Court Advocacy Services (WDVCASs) assist women and children experiencing domestic violence get legal protection from the court. Call 1300 WDVCAS (1300 938 227) or check our website for your closest service.

This publication is intended as a general guide to the law in NSW. It should not be relied on as legal advice and it is recommended that you talk to a lawyer about your particular situation.

At the time of printing the information shown is correct but may be subject to change.

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September 2016